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Competing Interests For India, China, Pak In Afghanistan

When the Taliban captured Kabul, Pakistan PM Imran Khan said Afghans had burst "shackles of slavery".

The Russian and British empires battled over Afghanistan in the 19th century, and the United States and the Soviet Union in the 20th.

As the Taliban take over in the strategic, landlocked nation, the new Great Bold has Pakistan in control, with its accessory China attractive to adhesive its anchor on the region. Pakistan has abysmal ties with the Taliban and has been accused of acknowledging the agitator accumulation as it battled the US-backed government in Kabul, accuse denied by Islamabad.

When the Taliban captured Kabul aftermost week, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan said Afghans had burst the "shackles of slavery".

As the Taliban hold discussions to adjudge on its government model, media letters accept said some Pakistani admiral are involved. A Foreign Office agent in Islamabad said Pakistan capital an across-the-board political adjustment in Afghanistan that ensured accord and adherence in the arena but added that the "key role charcoal with the Afghans".

China, with no antecedent captivation in Afghanistan but a able accord with Pakistan, has captivated out an olive annex to the Taliban, absorbed by the country's mineral wealth, including its ample affluence of lithium, a key basic for electric vehicles.

China is additionally attractive at the anticipation of added aegis for its attenuated acreage avenue through the Karakoram mountains into Pakistan. And again there is India, which has been bound in a aggressive collision with China for added than a year.

China, however, says its capital aim in extensive out to the Taliban is to assure its western Xinjiang arena from anti-Beijing East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) terrorists, who could seek altar aural Afghanistan. "While Pakistan ability be cerebration of leveraging on Afghanistan adjoin India, this is not necessarily the case for China," said Zhang Li, a assistant of South Asian studies at Sichuan University.

"China's primary affair now is for the Taliban to body an across-the-board and abstinent administration so that agitation would not discharge over to Xinjiang and the region. Any added calculus added to that charcoal to be seen."

The US government says ETIM no best exists as a academic organisation and is instead a ample characterization China uses to corruption a array of Muslim indigenous groups, including Uyghurs, in its Xinjiang region.

China denies all accusations of abuse. China has dangled the anticipation of accouterment the two things the Taliban needs to administer Afghanistan: adept acceptance and much-needed basement and bread-and-butter assistance, said Brahma Chellaney, assistant of cardinal studies at the Centre for Action Research in New Delhi.

"An adept China is assertive to accomplishment the new aperture to accomplish cardinal appropriate into mineral-rich Afghanistan and deepen its assimilation of Pakistan, Iran, and Central Asia," he said.

Raza Ahmad Rumi, a political commentator, who teaches at Ithaca College in New York, said, "The acclaim in Pakistan witnessed on amusing media and TV screens was abundantly affiliated to the accident of Indian access as accepted action circles beheld (Afghan President Ashraf) Ghani's abutting links with India as a threat."

India has absinthian memories of the antecedent Taliban assignment in ability from 1996 to 2001 and the alarm group's links to Pakistan.

An Indian Airlines even was hijacked in 1999 and landed in Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. New Delhi had to chargeless three Pakistani terrorists in barter for the acknowledgment of the cartage and the Taliban accustomed the hijackers and the appear prisoners to go to Pakistan.

"Our position today is one of adjusting to reality. We accept to comedy the continued bold in Afghanistan. We don't accept a abutting bound but we accept stakes there," said Jayant Prasad, a above Indian agent to Kabul.

Over the accomplished year as the Taliban emerged as a ascendant force and US-brokered negotiations began in Doha, Indian diplomats had opened a band with the group, adept sources in New Delhi said. "We are talking to all stakeholders," one of them said, but did not appetite to get to the specifics of the discussions.

India has development projects in every one of Afghanistan's 34 provinces, baby and big, including the assembly architecture in Kabul that it built, which was over-run by gun-toting Taliban men afterwards across-the-board into the burghal aftermost week. Myra MacDonald, columnist of three books on South Asia and a above Reuters journalist, said, "This is not a re-run of the past. Everyone is activity to be abundant added accurate this time about absolution Islamist agitation in Afghanistan backfire as in the pre-9/11 days. Plus in about terms, India is abundant added economically stronger than Pakistan this time around."

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